BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE
(In Order of Appearance)
NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- Matthew 23:13, 33, 37, 39 – “It will be horrible for you, O teachers of the law and Pharisees. You hypocrites! You shut the door to the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. You will not go in, and you stop those who are trying to get in… 33“You snakes! You are from a family of poisonous snakes! How will you escape the judgment of hell!?…37“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem! You kill the prophets. God sent you His men, but you stoned them to death. I have often wanted to gather up your people, as a hen gathers up her baby chicks under her wings, but you refused…39I tell you, you will never see me again until you say, ‘Praise to the one who is coming with the authority of the Lord God.’ ”
- Matthew 18:17 – If that person doesn’t want to listen to them, then discuss the facts with the Jewish congregation. And, if he or she won’t listen to the congregation, have nothing to do with them. Treat him like tax collectors or unbelievers are treated.”
- Matthew 1:1, 21 – This is the record of the family names of Jesus Christ,a a descendant of David, a descendant of Abraham…21She will give birth to a son. You will name him Jesus,b because he will save his people from their sins.
- Matthew 12:21 – The nations will put their hope in his name.” (Isaiah 42:1-4)
- Luke 19:1-2 – Jesus was going through the city of Jericho. 2In Jericho there was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a very important, rich tax collector.a
- Luke 19:11 – Jesus traveled closer to Jerusalem. Some of the people thought that God’s kingdom would soon appear. Jesus knew that the people thought this, so, while the people were listening to these things, he continued with a story:
- Luke 19:3-4 – He wanted to see Jesus, but there were also many other people, and Zacchaeus was too short to see over them. 4So, he ran ahead to a place where he knew Jesus would pass. Then he climbed a sycamore-fig tree, so that he could see Jesus.
- Luke 19:5-7 – When Jesus came to that spot, he looked up. Jesus said to him, “Zacchaeus, hurry! Come down! I must stay at your house today!” 6Then Zacchaeus came down quickly. He was so happy to welcome Jesus to his house. 7All of the people saw this. They began to complain, saying, “Look at the type of person Jesus stays with. Zacchaeus is a sinner!”
- Matthew 9:11, 21-32 – Some Pharisees saw this. They kept asking Jesus’ followers, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinful people!?”…21She was thinking to herself, “If I could only touch his robe, then I would be made well!” 22But Jesus turned around and saw her. He said, “Be strong, dear woman, you are made well because you believed.” And, from that moment on, the woman was made well. 23When Jesus came to the ruler’s house, he saw the men playing flutes and the crowd making noise.d 24Jesus said again and again, “Go away! The little girl did not die; she is only sleeping!” But they laughed at him. 25When the crowd had been put outside, Jesus went in and took her hand, and the little girl stood up. 26And the news about this went out all over that land. 27As Jesus was leaving that place, two blind men followed him. They were shouting, “Son of David! Please help us!” 28After Jesus had gone into a house, the blind men came to him. Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I can do this?” They said to him, “Yes, Lord.” 29Then Jesus touched their eyes. He said, “May this happen to you because you believed!” 30And their eyes were opened. Jesus warned them, “Don’t tell anyone about this!” 31But they went out and spread the news about him all over that whole area. 32While they were leaving, look, they brought a man to Jesus. The man could not talk. He had a demon.
- Luke 19:11-27 – Jesus traveled closer to Jerusalem. Some of the people thought that God’s kingdom would soon appear. Jesus knew that the people thought this, so, while the people were listening to these things, he continued with a story: 12“A very important man was preparing to go to a far-away country to be made a king. After that, the man planned to return home and rule. 13So, the man called ten of his servants together. He gave a gold coin to each servant. The man said, ‘Do business with this money until I come back.’ 14But the people in his kingdom hated the man. So, the people sent a group of their men to follow the man to Rome. There these men said, ‘We don’t want that man to rule over us!’ 15“However, he did become king. When he came home, he said, ‘Call those servants who have my money. I want to know how much more money they earned with it.’ 16The first servant came and said, ‘Sir, I earned ten gold coins with the coin you gave me!’ 17The king said to the servant, ‘Fine! You are a good servant. I see that I can trust you with small things. So now, I will let you have authority over ten of my cities!’ 18The second servant said, ‘Sir, with the one gold coin which belongs to you, I earned five coins!’ 19The king said to this servant, ‘You may rule over five cities!’ 20Then another servant came in. The servant said to the king, ‘Sir, here is your gold coin. I hid it in a piece of cloth. 21I was afraid of you; you are a hard man. You take money which you didn’t earn and gather food that you didn’t even grow!’ 22Then the king said to the servant, ‘You evil servant! I will use your own words to condemn you. You knew that I am a hard man. You said I receive money which I didn’t earn and gather food that I didn’t even grow. 23Since this is true, you should have put my money in the bank. Then, after I came back, my money would have earned some interest.’ 24Then the king said to the men who were watching, ‘Take the gold coin away from this servant and give it to the servant who earned ten coins.’ 25The men said to the king, ‘But sir, that servant already has ten gold coins!’ 26The king said, ‘I tell you, the person who uses what he has will get more, but the person who does not use what he has will have everything taken away from him! 27Now where are my enemies? Where are the people who didn’t want me to rule over them? Bring my enemies here and kill them. I will watch them die!’ ”
- The money was in minas. A mina was worth about three months wages.
- Luke 19:8-10 – Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord Jesus, “Lord, look, I am now giving half of my money to the poor. If I have cheated anyone, I am now paying him back four times more!” 9Jesus said to him, “This man is a descendant of Abraham. Today salvation has come to this house! 10Ib came to find lost people and to save them.”
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- I Kings 1:33-34 – Then the king said to them, “Take my officers with you and put my son Solomon on my own mule.s Take Solomon down to the Gihon Spring.t 34Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet pour olive oil on Solomon there and make him king over Israel. Then blow the trumpet and shout: ‘May King Solomon live long!’
- Isaiah 53:2-5 [PREDICTED 700 YEARS BEFORE JESUS] – Hec grew upd like a small plant in the presence of God.e He was like a root coming up out of dry ground.fHe had no special beauty or splendor to cause us to notice him.g There was nothing in his appearance to attract us to him.h 3He was hated and rejected by people.i He endured much pain and suffering.j People would not even look at him.k He was hated, and wel didn’t think that he was an important man. 4But he certainly tookm our sufferingn upon himself, and he felt our paino for us. Though we saw his plight,p we thought that God was punishing him.q 5But he was woundedr for the things that we did wrong.s He was crushedt for the sinful things we did. The punishment,u which made us well,v was given to him!w And, we ourselves are healedx by means of his wounds.y
- Psalm 40:17 – O Lord, I am poor and helpless.q But please don’t forget me. You are my Help and my Deliverer. O my God, come quickly.r
- Psalm 139:16 – You saw my unformed bodyb as it was being formed.All the days planned for me were written in Your Book,c before I was even one day old.
- Isaiah 49:1 [PREDICTED 700 YEARS BEFORE JESUS] – The Messiah says: “All of you people in distant places, listen to me.a Listen carefully, all you ethnic groups from afar.b Before I was born, Yahweh called me to serve Him. Yahweh named me while I was still inside my mother’s body.c
- Jeremiah 1:5 – Then I said, “But, wait a minute,t O Lord Yahweh, I don’t know how to speak well!u I am only a boy!”v
- ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK. 12, 4:4 – And when the day came on which the king was to let the taxes of the cities to farm [bidding], and those that were the principal men of dignity in their several countries were to bid for them, the sum of the taxes together….the king was pleased to hear that offer and because it augmented his revenues, he said he would confirm the sale of the taxes to him.
THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA:
- “Tax: Under the Romans” – The usual combination in a publican of petty tyrant, renegade and extortioner, made by circumstances almost inevitable, was not conducive to popularity.
- “Tax: Under the Romans” – He paid a fixed sum for the taxes, and received for himself what he could over and above that amount….The collector was thus always under the suspicion of being an extortioner and probably was in most instances.
SPECIAL CHARACTERS APPEARING IN OTHER EPISODES
Season 1, Dream Maker, “God Eyes”
Season 2, Hearts Afire, “The Traitor”
Season 3, Folk Hero, “Gates of Glory”
Season 3, Folk Hero, “A New Age Dawning”
OTHER JESUS QUOTES IN THIS EPISODE