Click here for dates these ancient writings were written
BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE
(In Order of Appearance)
NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- Acts 1:6,9 – The apostles were all together. They asked Jesus, “Lord, is this the time for you to rebuild the kingdom for Israel?”…9After Jesus said these things, he was lifted up into the sky. While the apostles were watching, Jesus went into a cloud; they couldn’t see him anymore.
- Nathaneal means Gift of God. He was also called Bartholomew, son of Tholomew.
- Matthew 4:1-11 –
- Cana is Arabic for place of reeds, and indeed its ruins are near marshes. It was located in the province of Galilee half way between the Sea of Galilee on the east and the Mediterranean Sea on the west.
- Matthew 3:16-17 –
- The population of Galilee was far from what orthodox Jews preferred and was looked down by such in Judeah near the Temple. Besides Jews, Galilean residents were Aramaean (Syrian), Ituraean (Arabian), Phoenecian (Lebanese) and Greek.
- Luke 4:1-2 – Jesus returned from the Jordan River. He was full of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit was leading Jesus into the desert. 2The Devil tempted Jesus for 40 days. Jesus didn’t eat anything during that time. When those days were over, Jesus was very hungry.
- Acts 23:6 – Some of the men in the meeting were Sadducees and some others were Pharisees. Paul knew this. Therefore, he said to them, so that everyone could hear, “My brothers, I am a Pharisee, and my father was a Pharisee! I am on trial here, because I believe that people will rise from death!”
- John 1:45-51 – Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the one whom Moses wrote about in the law. The prophets wrote about him, too! He is Jesus, the son of Joseph, from the village of Nazareth.” 46Nathanael said to him, “Out of Nazareth? Is it possible for anything good to come from Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see for yourself!” 47Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him. Jesus said this about Nathanael: “Look, here is a real man of Israel! There is nothing false about him!” 48Nathanael asked Jesus, “From where do you know me?” Jesus answered him, “Before Philip called you to come here, I saw you under that fig tree!” 49And Nathanael answered Jesus, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the king of the people of Israel!” 50Jesus answered him, “Do you believe because I told you that I saw you under that fig tree? You will see even greater things than this. 51I am telling you the truth: You will all see heaven open and God’s angels coming down and going up from me.”i
- John 2:1-10 – On the third day, in the town of Cana in Galilee, there was a wedding. Jesus’ mother was there. 2Jesus and his followers were invited to the wedding. 3When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine!” 4Jesus asked her, “What do you want with me, woman? My time has not yet come.” 5His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6There were six stone waterjars sitting there. (Jewish people used them to make things ceremonially pure.) Each waterjar could hold about 20 to 30 gallons. 7Jesus said to them, “Fill the jars with water.” They filled the jars to the top. 8Jesus said to the servants, “Now, pour some of this and take it to the master of ceremonies.” They did it. 9He didn’t know where it came from, but the servants who had gotten the water knew. When the master of ceremonies tasted the water which had been changed into wine, he called for the groom. 10He said to the groom, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when the people have had plenty to drink, he serves the cheaper wine. But you have reserved the good wine until now!”
- Hebrews 4:15 – Our High Priest [Jesus] can sympathize with our weaknesses. He was tempted in every way as we are, but he never sinned!
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
OTHER JESUS QUOTES IN THIS EPISODE
- WINE: In ancient Greece wine was dark and usually drunk with water (to drink it unmixed was riotous) ….The full maturing of wine was impossible until the bottle and the cork were generally used….Use of wine bottles and corks…seems to have become common toward the end of the 17th century.
WILLIAM STEUART MC BIRNIE
- THE SEARCH FOR THE TWELVE APOSTLES: NATHANIEL – Traditionally, he went to Arabia, Iran, and India where he translated the gospel of Matthew into the Indian language. Later he went to Hierapolis in today’s Turkey to preach with Philip until Philip’s death. He moved to Armenia near Mt. Ararat in AD 60 and was martyred in Albana/Derbend, Soviet Union, in AD 68. Some say he was placed in a sack and cast into the sea. But another tradition says he converted the king and many in his family, so the idolatrous priests had him arrested, beaten with clubs, flayed alive and either crucified or beheaded.