Historical Research

Books-house full

At the bottom is the entire list of

all books consulted

Episodes 1-10
Episodes 11-20
Episodes 21-30
Episodes 31-40
Episodes 41-50
Episodes 51-60
Episodes 61-70
Episodes 71-80

SOME OF THE MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD
WITH JEWISH POPULATIONS IN THE FIRST CENTURY
(Wikipedia)

ACTS 2” 5 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven….9 Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,[b] 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!”

INDIA: Cochin Jews, also called Malabar Jews, are the oldest group of Jews in India, with possible roots claimed to date to the time of King Solomon.[3][4] The Cochin Jews settled in the Kingdom of Cochin in South India,[5] now part of the state of Kerala.[6][7]

ETHIOPIA: Many of the Beta Israel accounts of their own origins stress that they stem from the very ancient migration of some portion of the Tribe of Dan to Ethiopia, led it is said by sons of Moses, perhaps even at the time of the Exodus, or perhaps due to later crises in Judea, e.g., at the time of the split of the northern Kingdom of Israel from the southern Kingdom of Judah after the death of King Solomon or at the time of the Babylonian Exile.[28] Other Beta Israel take as their basis the Christian account of Menelik’s return to Ethiopia.[29] Menelik is considered the first Solomonic Emperor of Ethiopia.

CARTHAGE, N. AFRICA: The Jewish Encyclopedia has a lengthy article about the “Jews in Carthage”[1] tracing various links in sources or by Jews with Carthage. Ancient city and republic in northern Africa; of special interest to Jews on account of the Phenico-Semitic origin of its inhabitants, its government under the suffetes, recalling the “shofeṭim” (judges) among the Hebrews, and on account of the religion of the inhabitants. The city, called קרת חדשת (“New City”) in native inscriptions (Lidzbarski, “Nordsemitische Epigraphik,” i. 365), is mentioned in Jewish writings since Talmudic times only as קרתגיני (“Ḳarthigini”), a name equivalent to the Byzantine form Kαρϑαγένη and in agreement with the Syriac (Payne Smith, “Thes. Syr.” cols. 3744, 3765), the Greek form Kαρχηδών being found with the latter.

SYRIA: The tradition of the community ascribes its founding to the time of King David (1000 BC), whose general Joab occupied the area of Syria described in the Bible as Aram Zoba:[2] this name is taken by later tradition as referring to Aleppo….In Roman times, about 10,000 Jews lived in Damascus, governed by an ethnarch.[4] Paul of Tarsus succeeded, after a first rebuff, in converting many of the Jews of Damascus to Christianity (49 AD). This irritated the Jewish ethnarch to such a degree that he attempted to arrest Paul; the latter’s friends only saved his life by lowering him in a basket out of a window built into the wall of the city. Many Jews were murdered by the pagan inhabitants upon the outbreak of the First Jewish–Roman War.[5]

CANAAN: Phoenicia is an ancient Greek term used to refer to the major export of the region, cloth dyed Tyrian purple from the Murex mollusc, and referred to the major Canaanite port towns; not corresponding precisely to Phoenician culture as a whole as it would have been understood natively. Their civilization was organized in city-states, similar to those of ancient Greece,[4] perhaps the most notable of which were Tyre, Sidon,  Byblos [in Lebanon]. According to the Hebrew Bible, the territory of the Israelite tribes of Asher and Naphtali extended into present-day Lebanon as far as Sidon in the north.

EGYPT: In the Elephantine papyri, caches of legal documents and letters written in Aramaic amply document the lives of a community of Jewish soldiers stationed there as part of a frontier garrison in Egypt for the Achaemenid Empire.[7]Established at Elephantine in about 650 BCE during Manasseh’s reign, these soldiers assisted Pharaoh Psammetichus in his Nubian campaign. They maintained their own temple, functioning alongside that of the local deity Chnum. The documents cover the period 495 to 399 BCE….The history of the Alexandrian Jews dates from the foundation of the city by Alexander the Great, 332 BCE, at which they were present. They were numerous from the very outset, forming a notable portion of the city’s population under Alexander’s successors. The Ptolemies assigned them a separate section, two of the five districts of the city, to enable them to keep their laws pure of indigenous cultic influences.

Full and Complete Bibliography of Research

Baam, Peter, Early Sites of Christianity, Pantheon, New York, 256 pgs., 1957.

Benton, Wm, Publisher, Encyclopedia Britannica, Britannica, Chicago, and Historical Atlas, 1966.

Bowra, C. M. and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: Classical Greece, Time, Incl., New York, 192 pgs., 1965.

Brookes, James, Did Jesus Rise? Western, Oakland, 126 pgs., n/d.

Burtt, Edwin A., Editor, The Teachings of the Compassionate Buddha, 247 pgs., 1955

Campbell, Alexander, Millennial Harbinger, 1830-1839, Bethany, Virginia, Ten Volumes, 1830-1839.

Casson, Lionel and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: Ancient Egypt, Time Inc., New York, 192 pgs., 1965.

Chiera, Edward, They Wrote on Clay, Phoenix, Chicago, 235 pgs., 1955.

Churchill, Winston S., The Birth of Britain: A History of the English-Speaking People, Bantam, New York, 388 pgs., 1956

Davidson, Basil and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: African Kingdoms, Time Inc., New York, 192 pgs., 1966.

Davies, A. Powell, The Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Mentor, 137 pgs., 1956.

Editorial Board, The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, Merck Sharp & Dohme, 1850 pgs., 1966.

Forbush, William Byron, Ed., Fox’s Book of Martyrs, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 370 pgs., 1968.

Ganzfried, Rabbi Solomon, Code of Jewish Law: A Compilation of Jewish Laws and Customs, Hebrew, New York, 674 pgs., 1963

Graves, Robert, Claudius the God, Harrison Smith, New York, 583 pgs., 1935

Hadas, Moses and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: Imperial Rome, Time Inc., New York, 190 pgs, 1965.

Hanmer, The Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius Pamphilus, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, 540 pgs., 1971.

Hodges, Andrew G., Jesus: An Interview Across Time—A Psychiatrist Looks at HIS Humanity, Village, Birmingham, 306 pgs., 1977.

Holy Bible: King James Version, Thomas Nelson, New Jersey, 1465 pgs., 1972.

Holy Bible, New International Version, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 1514 pgs., 1988.

Kramer, Samuel Noah and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: Cradle of Civilization, Time Inc., New York, 183 pgs., 1967.

Lewis, C. S., Mere Christianity, McMillan, New York, 175 pgs., 1952.

Living Bible, The Tyndale House, Wheaton, 1988.

McBirnie, William Steuart, The Search for the Twelve Apostles, Living Books, 312 pgs., 1979.

McDowell, Josh, Evidence That Demands a Verdict, Nelson, Nashville, Vol. 1, 387 pgs., Vol. 2, 389 pgs., 1992.

McGarvey, J. W. and Philip Pendleton, The Fourfold Gospel, Standard, Cincinnati, 769 pgs., 1893.

National Geographic Society, Everyday Life in Bible Times, 448 pgs., 1967.

Orr, James (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 3541 pgs., 1939.

Peterson, Eugene H., The Message: The New Testament in Contemporary Language, Navpress, Colorado Springs, 641 pgs., 1993.

Pfeifer, Charles F., The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bible, Weathervane, New York, 152 pgs., 1969.

Prabhavannda, Swami and Christopher Isherwood (translators), Bhagavad-Gita: The Song of God, Mentor, New York, 143 pgs., 1958.

Prabhavananda, Swami and Frederick Manchester (translators), The Upanishads: Breath of the Eternal, Mentor, New York, 128 pgs., 1960.

Rimmer, Harry, The Evidences for Immortality, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 119 pgs., 1946.

Roddy, Lee and Charles L. Sellier, Jr., In Search of Historic Jesus, Bantan, 182 pgs., 1979.

Roper, Albert L., Did Jesus Rise From the Dead? Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 54 pgs., 1965.

Schafer, Edward H. and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: Ancient China, Time Inc., New York, 191 pgs., 1967.

Schauss, Hayyim, Guide to Jewish Holy Days, Schocken Books, New York, 316 pgs., 1961.

Schulerg, Lucille and Time-Life Book Editors, Great Ages of Man: Historic India, Time Inc., New York, 192 pgs., 1968.

Sheler, Jeffery L., “Is the Bible True?” U.S. News and World Report, October 25, 1999.

Taber, Clarence Wilbur, Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, Davis, Philadelphia, 1500 pgs. Estimated, 1965.

Tenny, Merrill C., General Editor, The Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary, Zondervan, Grand Rapid, 916 pgs., 1968.

Thayer, Joseph Henry, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 726 pgs., 1974.

Thompson, J. A., The Bible and Archaeology, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 468 pgs., 1962.

Unger, Merrill, Unger’s Bible Dictionary, Moody, Chicago, 1192 pgs., 1957.

Van Deursen, A., Illustrated Dictionary of Bible Manners and Customs, Philosophical Library, New York, 128 pgs., 1967.

Vine, W. E., Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, Revell, New Jersey, 1396 pgs., 1966.

Wright, George and Floyd Filson, The Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible, Westminster, Philadelphia, 130 pgs., 1956.

Whiston, William (translator), Josephus: Complete Works, Kregel, Grand Rapids, 770 pgs., 1960.

Young, Robert, Analytical Concordance to the Bible, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 1226 pgs., 1971.

 

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