6~More About “Flaming Hope with a Flickering Candle”

Click here for the dates these ancient writings were written.

BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE

(In Order of Appearance)

NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
  • Luke 2:36-37 – Anna, a prophetess, was there at the temple. She was from the family of Phanuel in the Asher tribe. Hanna was very old. She had been married for seven years. 37She had been a widow for 84 years. Anna was always at the temple complex; she never left. She worshiped God day and night by fastingh and praying.
  • {Six centuries earlier, ten of the twelve tribes of Israel (the Jews) were exiled to Assyria, including the tribe of Ashur.  They intermarried with the Assyrians and gradually absorbed into that culture.  However, a remnant of the people – the poorest – were left behind by their conquerors. The province of Asher, the Jewish tribe to which Anna belonged, was located along the Mediterranean Sea, much of which included Phoenicia in Jesus’ day, and Lebanon in our day.} 
  • Romans 8:28 – We know that all things work together for good for people who love God. They are called for God’s purpose.
  • Luke 2:37 – She had been a widow for 84 years. Hanna was always at the temple complex; she never left. She worshiped God day and night by fastingh and praying.
  • Mark 14:55The most important priests and the whole Jewish Council wanted to find some men who would give evidence against Jesus, so that they could kill him. But, they did not find any real proof.
  • Luke 2:25-26 – Now a man named Simeon lived in Jerusalem. He was a good man and very devout. Simeon was waiting for the time when God would comfort Israel. The Holy Spirit was upon him. 26The Holy Spirit had revealed to Simeon that Simeon would not die before he saw the Lord’s Messiah.
  • Luke 2:5, 135Joseph registered with Mary, because she was engaged to marry him. (Mary was now pregnant.)…Suddenly, a very large group of angels from heaven joined the first angel. They were all praising God:
  • Luke 2:36 – Anna, a prophetess, was there at the temple. She was from the family of Phanuel in the Asher tribe. Anna was very old. She had been married for seven years.
  • Luke 2:21-38 – When the baby was eight days old, he was circumcised. Then he was named Jesus. (This name was given by the angel before the baby began to grow inside Mary’s womb.) 22The time came for Mary and the baby to be made pure,e according to the law of Moses. Joseph and Mary brought Jesus to Jerusalem, so that they could present him to the Lord God. 23It is written in the law of the Lord: “When the first male in every family is born, he will be called ‘holy for the Lord God.’ ” (Exodus 13:2,12,1524The law of the Lord also says that the people must give a sacrifice:“You must sacrifice two doves or two young pigeons.” (Leviticus 12:8) 25Now a man named Simeon lived in Jerusalem. He was a good man and very devout. Simeon was waiting for the time when God would comfort Israel. The Holy Spirit was upon him. 26The Holy Spirit had revealed to Simeon that Simeon would not die before he saw the Lord’s Messiah. 27The Spirit led Simeon to the temple. The parents of the little child, Jesus, went to the temple to do what the Jewish law said that they must do about the baby. 28Simeon held the baby in his arms and thanked God: 29“Now, O Master, You can let me, Your servant, die in peace, just as You said.30I have seen Your Salvationg with my own eyes. 31You prepared him in the sight of all people everywhere. 32He is light for all the people of the world to see, and honor for Your people, Israel.” 33Jesus’ father and mother were surprised at what Simeon said about him. 34Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, the baby’s mother, “Listen, many Jewish people will fall and many will rise because of this boy. He will be a proof from God which some people will not accept. 35The things which people think in secret will be revealed. The things which will happen will slice through your heart.” 36Hanna, a prophetess, was there at the temple. She was from the family of Phanuel in the Asher tribe. Hanna was very old. She had been married for seven years. 37She had been a widow for 84 years. Hanna was always at the temple complex; she never left. She worshiped God day and night by fastingh and praying. 38Hanna was standing there at that same moment, thanking God. She began to talk about that baby to everyone who was waiting for God to bring salvation to Jerusalem.
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
  • I Chronicles 28:11-13 – Then David gave to his son Solomon the plansy for building the temple complex. Those plans were also for the porch around the temple. They were for its buildings, its storage rooms, its upper rooms, and its inside rooms. They were also the plans for the spot where the sins of the people were covered.z 12David gave him the plans for everything that he had in mind. David gave him the plans for the courtyards around the temple of Yahweh and all the rooms around it. He gave him the plans for the treasuries of the temple of the one true God. And, David gave him the plans for the treasuries of the holy things used in the temple. 13And, David gave Solomon the directions for the groups of the priests and the Levites. David told him about all the responsibilities of serving in the temple of Yahweh. He told him about all the things to be used in the services of Yahweh’s temple.
  • Numbers 6:2, 8 2“Speak to the Israelites. This is what you must tell them: ‘A man or a woman might want to make a special vow to Me. This dedicated person is a Nazirite …8While he is a Nazirite, he is holy to Me.
  • Zechariah 6:11 [PREDICTED 475 BEFORE JESUS] – Take some silver and gold,o and shape it into a double crown.p Then put it on the head of Joshua [Hebrew for Jesusz], the son of Jehozadak. (Joshua is the high priest.)
  • Zechariah 6:13 [PREDICTED 475 BEFORE JESUS]13He is the One who will build the temple of Yahweh. He will receive royal honor. He will sit upon his thrones and he will rule. And, there will be a priest beside his throne. And, there will be harmony between the two.’t
  • Leviticus 12:6-8 – “ ‘After she has a son or a daughter, she must have that time of cleansing. When it is over, the new mother must bring certain sacrifices to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting. She must bring to the priest a year-old lamb for a whole burnt-offering. And, she must bring a dove or a young pigeon for a sin-offering. 7He will offer them in the presence of Yahweh to make her clean. Then she will be ‘cleansed’ from her bleeding. These are the instructions for a woman who gives birth to a boy or a girl. 8“ ‘And, if she cannot afford a sheep, then she must bring two doves or two young pigeons.d One bird will be for a whole burnt-offering and one for a sin-offering. In this way, the priest will make her clean. And, she will be cleansed.’ ”
FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS:
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK. 14, 4:2 – ….he brought his mechanical engines and battering-rams from Tyre, and placing them on the bank, he battered the temple.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK. 14, 4:3 – The priests were not at all hindered from their sacred ministrations, by their fear during this siege, but did still, twice each day…offer their sacrifices on the altar, nor did they omit those sacrifices if any melancholy accident happened by the stones that were thrown among them.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK. 14, 4:3 – ….fell upon them and cut the throats of those who were in the temple, yet could not those that offered the sacrifices be compelled to run away….thinking it better to suffer…than to omit anything that their laws require.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK. 14, 4:4 – ….full of slaughter; some of the Jews being slain by the Romans, and some by one another; nay, some there were who threw themselves down the precipices….Of the Jews there fell 12,000.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 9:2 – [Antipater, father of the future Herod the Great]….made Phasaelus, his eldest son, [lieutenant] governor of Jerusalem…but committed Galilee to Herod [the Great], his next son, who was then a very young man, for he was but twenty-five years of age.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 9:2 – [Herod]…opportunity of signalizing his courage; for, finding there was one Nezekias, a captain of a band of robbers…seized him and slew him, as well as a great number of the other robbers that were with him.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 9:4 – Herod might undergo a trial before the Sanhedrim for what he had done….not like a private man, but with a guard, for the security of his person….Herod stood before the Sanhedrim…he affrighted them all, and no one of his former accusers durst after that bring charges….Sameus…rose up and said, “…whosoever he be, that comes to be tried by this Sanhedrim, presents himself in a submissive manner, and like one that is in fear of himself….but Herod, who is accused of murder…stands here clothed in purple…and by overbearing justice may himself escape death.”
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 13:10 – Phasaelus [in prison], perceiving that…to die thusly by the means of his enemy, this he thought a most pitiable and dishonourable thing, and therefore since he had not his hands at liberty, for the bonds he was in preventing him from killing himself thereby, he dashed his head against a great stone, and thereby took away his own life….hearing, before he was quite dead that his brother Herod had escaped the enemy, under went his death cheerfully.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 16:2  [HEROD’S SIEGE OF JERUSALEM] – Now the Jews that were enclosed within the walls of the city fought against Herod with great zeal, for the whole nation was gathered together….When Herod understood this, he brought his engines to bear and shook the walls of the city, and tried all manner of ways to get in.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 16:2 – So they were murdered continually in the narrow streets and in the houses by crowds, and as they were flying to the Temple for shelter, and there was no pity taken of either infants or the aged, nor did they spare so much as the weaker sex….
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XIV, 16:2 – The first wall was taken in 40 days and the second in 15 more when some of the cloisters that were about the Temple were burnt….When the outer court of the Temple and the lower city were taken, the Jews fled into the inner court of the Temple, and into the upper city….
  • Josephus said in ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK. XV, 1:2 that Hyrcanus was their last high priest and king.  It was his grandson, Miriamn’s brother, who Herod appointed high priest.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XV, 3:3-4 – Aristobulus, who was now in the seventeenth year of his age…high priesthood….a warm zeal and affection towards him appeared among the people, and the memory of the actions of his grandfather….Upon all this, Herod resolved…in the midst of a hot day…swimming…the young man at the instigation of Herod, went into the water among them, while such of Herod’s acquaintance as he had appointed to do it…plunged him under water…as if it had been done in sport only; nor did they desist till he was entirely suffocated.  And thus was Aristobulus murdered….Herod endeavored that none should believe that the child’s death was caused by any design of his….and as for his funeral, that he took care should be very magnificent.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XV, 9:3 – ….Jesus the son of Phabet of the high priesthood…Not too long ago, King Herod had his wife, Mariamne, executed for allegedly threatening his kingdom.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XV, 7:4, 7 – …passed the sentence of death upon her…laid in prison in one of the fortresses…and thus was Mariamne led to execution….But when she was once dead, the king’s affections for her were kindled in a more outrageous manner than before….for he would frequently call for her…so far conquered by his passion, that he would order his servants to call for Mariamne, as if she were still alive.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XV, 9:3 – There was one Simon…had a daughter, who was esteemed the most beautiful woman of that time…Herod was much affected with what was said of her…to take the damsel to wife.  And while Simon was of a dignity too inferior to be allied to him…the high priesthood, and conferred that dignity on Simon, and so joined an affinity with him by marrying his daughter.
  • ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS, BK XV, 11:1,3 – And now Herod, in the eighteenth year of his reign…undertook a very great work, that is, to build of himself the temple of God, and make it larger in compass, and to raise it to a most magnificent altitude, as esteeming it to be the most glorious of all his actions…for an everlasting memorial of him….visible to those that dwelt in the country for a great many furlongs.