BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE
(In Order of Appearance)
NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- John 12:10-11 – The most important priests planned to kill Lazarus, too. 11Many people were starting to abandon the Jewish leaders because of Lazarus. They were beginning to believe in Jesus.
- John 11:57 – The most important priests and Pharisees had given orders: “If anyone knows where Jesus is, he must tell us, so that we may arrest him!”
- Mark 10:32 – They were on the road, going up to Jerusalem. Jesus was walking ahead of them. This surprised them. Those who were following were afraid. Then Jesus took the twelve apostles aside. He began to tell them what was about to happen to him.
- John 19:25 – Jesus’ mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary from the town of Magdala stood near the cross.
- John 12:1,2 – Six days before the Passover Festival,a Jesus came to the town of Bethany. Lazarus was there—the one whom Jesus had raised from death. 2They gave a dinner for Jesus there. Martha was helping, and Lazarus was one of the guests with Jesus.
- John 19:31 – The Jewish leaders did not want the bodies to stay on the crosses during the sabbath day. This sabbath was a very important one. So, since it was Friday,e they asked Pilate to hurry their death by breaking their legs. Then they could carry them away. Pilate allowed it.
- Matthew 26:6 – Jesus was in the town of Bethany in Simon’s house. (Simon was a leper.)
- John 12:9 – A large crowd of Jews knew that Jesus was there. They came not only because they wanted to see Jesus, but also because of Lazarus, whom Jesus had raised from death.
- John 12:3 – Mary brought in about a pint of a very expensive perfume—pure nard.b She rubbed it on Jesus’ feet. Then she dried his feet with her hair. The house was filled with the smell of perfume.
- Matthew 26:7 – A woman came to Jesus. She had an alabasterb jar of some very expensive perfume. While Jesus was sitting at the table, she poured it on his head.
- Hebrews 7:24 – Jesus lives forever. He never passes on his priestly work to others.
- John 12:12-13 – The next day, a large crowd came to the festival. When they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13they took branches from palm trees and went out to meet him. They were shouting, “Hosanna! Give praise to the king of Israel who is coming with the authority of the Lord God.”
- In ancient times, it was common for the priests to rule the country through the king, and sometimes the high priest was also king. In any case, the leaders of the official religion of a nation were sometimes more powerful than the king. This was God’s plan for the Jews.
- Mark 14:4-5 – Some of Jesus’ followers were there. They were very angry, saying to one another, “Why waste this perfume?” 5This could have been sold for more than 300 silver coinse and given to poor people. They yelled angry words at her.
- John 12:4-6 – One of Jesus’ followers was ready to turn against Jesus. This was Judas Iscariot. He said, 5“Why wasn’t this perfume sold for 300 silver coins and given to some poor people?” 6(Judas did not say this because he cared about poor people. Judas was a thief; he was the one who was always carrying the group’s bag of money.)
- Mark 14:6-9 – But Jesus said, “Leave her alone! Why are you bothering her? She has done a good deed to me. 7You will always have poor people with you. When you want to, you can do good things for them, but you won’t always have me! 8She did what she could. She put perfume on my body ahead of time to prepare it for when I am buried. 9I am telling you the truth: The Good News will be proclaimed in the whole world. Wherever it is told, what she did will be mentioned to remember her.”
- Mark 14:10-11 – Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve apostles, went away to talk to the most important priests; he wanted to give Jesus to them. 11When they heard this, they were pleased. They promised to give Judas some money. Judas was waiting for the best way to give Jesus to them.
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- Zechariah 6:11, 13 [PREDICTED 480 YEARS BEFORE JESUS] – Take some silver and gold,o and shape it into a double crown.p Then put it on the head of Joshua [Hebrew for Jesus], the son of Jehozadak. (Joshua is the high priest.)…13He is the One who will build the temple of Yahweh. He will receive royal honor. He will sit upon his thrones and he will rule. And, there will be a priest beside his throne. And, there will be harmony between the two.’t
- Exodus 30:30 – Anoint Aaron and his sons and make them holy, so that they may serve Me as priests.
- I Kings 1:35 – Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet pour olive oil [anoint] on Solomon there and make him king over Israel. Then blow the trumpet and shout: ‘May King Solomon live long!’ 35Then come back up here, following him. He will sit on my throne and rule in my place. I have chosen him to be the ruler over Israel and Judah.”
- Exodus 30:30-33 – Anoint Aaron and his sons and make them holy, so that they may serve Me as priests. 31Tell this to the sons of Israel: ‘This will be My holy, anointing oil throughout your generations. 32It will not be poured upon the bodies of ordinary men. You must never make anything like it. It is holy and it will be holy to you people. 33Whoever mixes anything like it or puts any of it upon an outsiders will be cut off from his people!’ ”
- Leviticus 16:29-31 – “This law will always continue for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month,z [not necessasrily a sabbath] you must not eat.aa You must not do any work. The travelers or foreigners who live among you must not work either. 30Why? Because, on this day, the priests will make you ‘clean.’ All of your sins will be canceled in My presence. You will be ‘clean.’ 31This is a very important day of rest for all of you. And, you must fast. This law will always continue.
- II Samuel 5:3 – All the elders of Israel came to King David at Hebron.c Then he made a covenant with them in Hebron in the presence of Yahweh.d Then they poured oil [anointed] on David to make him king over Israel.
- Genesis 19:26 – But Lot’s wife looked back; and she became a pillar of salt!m
OTHER JESUS QUOTES IN THIS EPISODE
V. E. VINE, An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words:
- “Sabbath” – Sabbath did not mean seventh. It meant day of ceasing from ordinary work.
SPECIAL CHARACTERS APPEARING IN OTHER EPISODES
Season 1, Dream Maker, “God Eyes”