Click here for dates these ancient writings were written
BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE
(In Order of Appearance)
NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- John 5:18 – Some of the people of Jerusalem were saying, “This is the man whom the Jewish leaders are trying to kill. Because of this, the Jewish leaders were trying even harder to kill Jesus. They thought that Jesus was not only breaking the rules about the sabbath day, but he was also claiming that God was his own Father, thus putting himself on the same level with God.
- This often snow-capped mountain is some 9000 feet above sea level. It is about thirty miles east of the Mediterranean Sea and on a clear day must have provided an amazing view. It was known even centuries before this as a place of religious contemplation; ancient artifacts found here show evidence of a few scattered pagan monasteries and temples. Today it is called Jebel eth-Thilj, “mount of snow.”
- Mark 3:6 – Immediately, the Pharisees and the followers of Herod Antipasa left. They began to make a plot to kill Jesus.
- John 7:1, 25 – After this, Jesus was traveling around in the land of Galilee. He didn’t want to go to the land of Judea, because the Jewish leaders were trying to kill him… 25Some of the people of Jerusalem were saying, “This is the man whom the Jewish leaders are trying to kill.
- John 6:32-35 – Jesus said to them, “I am telling you the truth: Moses did not give you food from heaven. My Father is the One who gives you the true food from heaven. 33God’s food comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”34Then they said to Jesus, “Sir, always give us this food!” 35Jesus said to them, “I am the food which gives life. The person who comes to me will never be hungry. The one who commits himself to me will never be thirsty.
- Hebrews 2:18 – Before Jesus suffered, he was tempted. That is why he is able to help people who are being tempted now.
- Mark 8:31-32 –Jesus began to teach them, “Ib must suffer many things. I will be rejected by the Jewish elders, the most important priests, and the teachers of the law. I will be killed, but after three days, I will be raised from death.” 32Jesus was speaking this message to them very plainly. But Peter came to Jesus and tried to correct him.
- John 1:29 – The next day, John saw Jesus coming toward him. John said, “Look, God’s Lamb who will take away the world’s sin!
- Luke 9:28 – After saying these things, about eight days later, Jesus took Peter, James, and John and went up on top of a mountain to pray.
- Luke 3:25 – Joseph was Mattathias’ son. Mattathias was Amos’ son. Amos was Nahum’s son. Nahum was Esli’s son. Esli was Naggai’s son.
- Jude 9 – Once, Michael, the angel leader, was arguing with the Devil over Moses’ dead body. However, not even Michael dared to condemn the Devil for the evil things he was saying against God. Instead, Michael said, “The Lord God will rebuke you!”
- Luke 9:30-31 – Suddenly, two men were talking with Jesus. They were Moses and Elijah. 31Moses and Elijah were shining brightly, too. They were talking with Jesus about his death,d which was about to be fulfilled in Jerusalem.
- Luke 16:22 – After a while, the poor man died. The angels took Lazarus and placed him in the arms of Abraham.b The rich man also died, and he was buried.
- II Corinthians 5:21 – Christ never sinned, but God caused him to become sin for us, so that we could be right with God in Christ.
- II Corinthians 12:10 – This is why, for Christ, I can take pleasure in weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and disasters. Because when I am weak, that’s when I am really strong!
- I Corinthians 15:54-56 – This body, which can be destroyed, will be replaced with a body which cannot be destroyed. This body, which can die, will be replaced with a body which can never die. Then the message which has been written will come true: “Victory has swallowed up death.” (Isaiah 25:8) “Where is your victory, O Death? Where is your power to hurt, O death?” (Hosea 13:14) 56Sin is death’s power to hurt. Sin gets its strength from its relationship with the law of God.
- John 14:6 – Jesus said to him, “I am the Way and the Truth and the Life! The only way anyone can come to the Father is through me!
- Luke 1:78-79 – With the loving mercy of our God, a new day from heaven will shine upon us. 79God will help those people who don’t understand, people who dread death. He will lead us in the way which goes toward peace.”
- Luke 9:32-34 – Peter and the others were deep in sleep, but they woke up and saw the glory of Jesus. They also saw the two men who were standing with Jesus. 33As Moses and Elijah were about to leave, Peter said to Jesus, “Teacher, it is good that we are here. We will set up three holy tents—one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” (Peter didn’t know what he was saying.) 34While Peter was saying these things, a cloud came all around them. Peter, James, and John became afraid when the cloud covered them. 35A Voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is My Son; he is My chosen one. Listen to what he says!”
- Mark 9:9-11 – As they were going down the mountain, Jesus ordered them, “Don’t tell anyone about what you saw until I rise from death.” 10They obeyed and kept it to themselves. But they began to argue among themselves about what Jesus meant when he said, “ . . . until I rise from death.” 11They began to ask Jesus, “Why do the teachers of the law say that Elijah must come before the Messiah does?”
- Matthew 17:11-13 – Jesus answered, “Indeed Elijah comes and makes all things right. 12But, I am telling you, Elijah has already come! They did not acknowledge him. Instead, they treated him as they wished. In the same way, I am about to suffer many things from them.” 13Then the followers understood that Jesus was talking to them about John (the one who immersed people).
- Mark 9:30-31 – They left there and traveled through the land of Galilee. Jesus did not want anyone to know where they were, 31because he was teaching his followers. This is what he was telling them: “I am being turned over to some men. They will kill me, but three days after my death, I will rise to life.” 32They did not understand the meaning of this sentence, but they were too afraid to ask him.
- Matthew 17:24 – They came to the town of Capernaum. The templeb tax collectors came to Peter and said, “Your teacher pays the temple tax, doesn’t he?”
- Luke 9:51 – The time was coming near when Jesus would leave and go back up to heaven. He traveled toward Jerusalem.
- Mark 10:32 – They were on the road, going up to Jerusalem. Jesus was walking ahead of them. This surprised them. Those who were following were afraid. Then Jesus took the twelve apostles aside. He began to tell them what was about to happen to him.
- Matthew 27:55 – There were many women there. They had helped Jesus and followed him from the land of Galilee. They were far away, watching.
- Luke 24:13 – That same day, look, two of Jesus’ followers were going to a village named Emmaus. (It was about seven miles from Jerusalem.)
- John 19:25 – Jesus’ mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary from the town of Magdala stood near the cross.
- Mark 10:3334 – “Listen! We are going up to Jerusalem. Ia will be betrayed to the most important priests and the teachers of the law. They will condemn me to death. Then they will give me to non-Jewish men. 34Those people will laugh at me, spit on me, beat me with whips, and kill me, but I will rise from death on the third day.”
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- Deuteronomy 4:21-22 – There were many women there. They had helped Jesus and followed him from the land of Galilee. They were far away, watching.
- Deuteronomy 3:26-27 – “However, the Always-Present One was still angry with me because of you people! He would not listen to me. The Always-Present One said to me, ‘That’s enough! Do not speak to Me anymore about this subject!k 27Climb to the top of Mount Pisgah.l Look up to the west, to the north, to the south, and to the east. Your eyes can see the land, but you will not cross over this Jordan River!
- Deuteronomy 34:1,7 – Then Moses climbed Mount Nebo. He went up from the plains of Moab to the top of Mount Pisgah.a (It is across from Jericho.) From there, Yahweh showed him the entire land of Canaan. He could see from Gilead to Dan.b…7Moses was 120 years old when he died, yet his eyes were not weak, and he was still strong.i
- Deuteronomy 29:5 – I have led you in the desert for 40 years. During that time, your clothes did not wear out; neither did your sandals.
- Exodus 17:3-4 – Therefore, the people argued with Moses and said, “Give us water, so that we may drink!” Moses answered them, “Why do you fight with me!? Why do you test the Always-Present One!?” But the people were thirsty for water there, and they continued to complain against Moses, saying, “Why did you bring us up from Egypt!? To kill us with thirst—us, and our children, and our livestock!?” 4So Moses cried out to Yahweh, saying, “What should I do with these people!? They are almost ready to kill me by throwing stones at me!”
- Exodus 32:31 – So, Moses returned to Yahweh on the mountain and said, “O these people have committed such a great sin! They did make for themselves a god of gold!
- Numbers 14:2, 11, 19 – All the Israelites complained against Moses and Aaron. The whole community said to them, “We should have died in the land of Egypt! Or, we should have died in this desert!…11And Yahweh said to Moses, “How long will these people provoke Me? How long will it be before they trust in Me? What about all the proofse that I have performed among them?…19Show Your great mercy! Please forgive the sin of these people! You have tolerated them since the time they left Egypt until now.”
- Exodus 12:5,7,13 – Your animal must be a one year-old male that has no defects. You may take it from either the sheep or the goats…7They must take some of the bloode and put it above and on both sides of their doors, on the houses where they will eat the animal…13The blood on the houses where you are will be a sign for you. When I see the blood, I will pass over you. There will be no disaster among you to destroy you when I strike down the land of Egypt.
- I Kings 19:3-4 – When Elijah heard this, he was afraid.b So, he and his servant ran away to save their lives. When they came to Beer-Sheba in Judah,c Elijah left his servant there.d 4Then Elijah walked for a whole day into the desert.e He went and sat down under a broom tree and asked God, “Let me die!”f Elijah prayed: “It’s too much!g Now, O Yahweh, take my life, because I am no better than my ancestors!”h 5Then Elijah lay down under the broom tree and slept. Suddenly, an angel came to him there and touched him. The angel said to him, “Get up and eat.”i
- I Kings 17:2-3 – Then Yahweh spoke His Word to Elijah: 3“Go away from this place! Turn east and hide yourself next to Cherith Brook.d (It is east of the Jordan River.)
- I Kings 18:1 – Three long years passed. There was still no rain. Then Yahweh spoke His Word to Elijah, saying, “Go, show yourself to Ahab. I am about to send rain.”
- II Kings 2:11 – Elijah and Elisha were still walking and talking. Suddenly, a fiery chariot and horses of fire appeared. They separated Elijah from Elisha. Then Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind.k
- Deuteronomy 9:6 – “The Always-Present One, your God, is indeed giving you this good land to own. But, know this: It is not because you are good. No, you are a stubborn people!
- Psalm 23:4 – Even if I walk through a very dark valley,f I will not be afraid of anything bad, because You are with me.g Your rodh and Your walking-stickicomfort me.j
- Exodus 40:34-36 – Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the splendor of Yahweh filled the Holy Tent.f 35Moses was not able to enter the Tent of Meeting, because the cloud stayed upon it, and the glory of Yahweh filled the Holy Tent.g 36Throughout all of the journeys of the sons of Israel, whenever the cloud was taken up from over the Holy Tent, they would go on.
- Malachi 4:5 – “Behold, I will send Elijah the prophetf to you people. He will come before that great and awesome day when the Always-Present One will judge everybody.g
- ANTIQUITY OF THE JEWS Bk. 18, 1-2. BOOK XVIII PREFIX. Containing The Interval Of Thirty-Two Years.—From The Banishment Of Archelus To The Departure From Babylon.
- CHAPTER 1 PREFIX. How Cyrenius Was Sent By Cæsar To Make A Taxation Of Syria And Judea; And How Coponius Was Sent To Be Procurator Of Judea; Concerning Judas Of Galilee And Concerning The Sects That Were Among The Jews.
- CHAPTER 2 PREFIX. Now Herod And Philip Built Several Cities In Honor Of Cæsar. Concerning The Succession Of Priests And Procurators; As Also What Befell Phraates And The Parthians.
SPECIAL CHARACTERS APPEARING IN OTHER EPISODES
Season 3, Folk Hero, “Bread of Kingdom Life”
Season 6, Shadow of Death, “Victorious Dying”