BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE
(In Order of Appearance)
NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- John 5:10-14 –The Jewish leaders were saying to the man who had been healed, “It is the sabbath day! It is not right for you to carry your bed.” 11The man answered them, “The one who made me well told me to pick up my bed and walk.” 12They asked him, “Who is the man who told you to pick up your bed and walk?” 13The man who was cured didn’t know who Jesus was, because Jesus had slipped away in the crowd which was there. 14Later, Jesus found the man in the temple courtyard. Jesus said to him, “Look, you have been made well. Stop sinning, so that something worse won’t happen to you.”
- Revelation 19:9-10 – Then the angel said to me, “Write this down: ‘The people who have been invited to the Lamb’s wedding are happy.’ These are the true words of God.” 10I fell down at the angel’s feet to worship him, but he said to me, “Don’t do that! Worship God! I am only a servant, like you and your brothers who have the truth that Jesus gave. The truth that Jesus gave is what inspires prophets.”
- John 5:15-16 – The man went and told the Jewish leaders that Jesus was the one who had made him well. 16Because of this, the Jewish leaders were persecuting Jesus—he was doing these things on the sabbath day.
- Hebrews 4:14-15 – 14So, we have a great High Priest who has gone through the heavens. He is Jesus, the Son of God. We must hold on to what we said we believed. 15Our High Priest can sympathize with our weaknesses. He was tempted in every way as we are, but he never sinned!
- Hebrews 10:4,12 – Goat’s blood or bull’s blood could never take away sin…12But after Jesus Christ offered just one sacrifice for sin forever, he sat down at God’s right hand.
- Mark 2:27-38 – Jesus was saying this to the Pharisees: “The sabbath was made for man. Man was not made for the sabbath! 28Therefore, I am Lord even of the sabbath day.”
- Matthew 12:1, 2-5 – At that time, Jesus was traveling through a field of grain on a sabbath day. His followers were hungry. They began to pick the grain and eat it.
- Hebrews 9:11-12, 24 – But Christ has come as High Priest over good things which already exist. He went through the greater and more perfect Sanctuary.e It is not man-made. (This means that it is not a part of this world.) 12Once for all time, Christ went into the most holy place and secured for others everlasting forgiveness from sin.f He used his o – wn blood, not the blood of goats or calves…. 24Christ did not enter the most holy place which was man-made, a copy of the real one. No, he went into heaven itself to appear before God for us. He’s there now.
- Matthew 12:7 – Have you read this: ‘I want mercy more than I want animal sacrifices.’? (Hosea 6:6) If you had read this, you would not have condemned innocent people!
- Matthew 12:8 –I am Lord over the sabbath day!”
- Mark 3:2 – 2Some Jewish leaders were waiting to see if Jesus would heal the man on the sabbath day. They wanted to see Jesus do something wrong, so that they could accuse him.
- Matthew 12:9-10 – 9Jesus moved away from that place. He went into their synagogue. 10Look, a man with a crippled hand was there. They asked Jesus, “Is it right to heal people on the sabbath day!?” (They wanted to accuse Jesus of doing something wrong.)
- Acts 2:22 – Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus from Nazareth was a very special man. God clearly showed this to you. God proved this by the powerful and amazing things which He did through Jesus among you. You yourselves know this is true.
- Mark 3:3,5 – Jesus said to the man with the crippled hand, “Stand in the middle.”…5Jesus looked around at all of them. He was angry, but he was also sad, because their hearts were hard. He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand!” The man stretched it out. His hand was restored.
- Matthew 12:11-14 – Jesus said to them, “Suppose one of you has a sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath day. Wouldn’t you grab it and pull it out? Of course! 12A human being is so much more important than a sheep. So, it is right to do good on the sabbath day.” 13Then Jesus said to the man, “Stretch out your hand!” The man did this. His hand was made as healthy as his other hand. 14The Pharisees left. They made plans to kill Jesus.
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- II Chronicles 29:25-28 – King Hezekiah put the Levites near the temple of Yahweh with cymbals, harps, and lyres. He did this as David, Gad, and Nathan had commanded. (Gad was the king’s seer, and Nathan was a prophet. This command came from Yahweh through His prophets.) 26So, the Levites stood ready with David’s instruments of music.w And, the priests stood ready with their trumpets. 27Then Hezekiah gave the order to sacrifice the whole burnt-offerings on the altar.x When the whole burnt-offerings began, the singing to Yahweh also began. The trumpets were blown. And, the musical instruments of David, the king of Israel, were played. 28All the people worshiped, the singers were singing, and the trumpet players blew their trumpets. They did all this until the whole burnt-offerings were finished.
- Deuteronomy 23:24-25 – “You might go into your neighbor’s vineyard. You may eat as many grapes as you wish, but do not fill your basket with his grapes. 25You might go into your neighbor’s standing grain-stalks.p You may pick the heads of grain with your hands, but you must not cut down his standing grain with your sickle.”
- Deuteronomy 26:12 – “Bring 10 percent of all your harvest on the third year.d This is the year to give 10 percent of your harvest. Give it to the Levites, the foreigners, the orphans, and the widows. Then they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.
- I Samuel 21:3,6 – The name of this man was Nabal,c and he was a descendant of Caleb. His wife’s name was Abigail.d She was a beautiful woman, and smart too. But Nabal was cruel and unfair in his business dealings…6Say this to Nabal: ‘May you and your family have good health! And, may all who belong to you have good health!
- Numbers 28:9-10 – “ ‘On the sabbath day, you must offer two male, year-old lambs.e They must have no physical defects. Also, give its drink-offering and a food-offering. The food-offering must be 4 poundsf of flour mixed with olive oil. 10This is the whole burnt-offering for the sabbath on its sabbath.g It is in addition to the daily, whole burnt-offering and its drink-offering.’ ”
- Hosea 6:6 – I want faithful love more than I desire animal sacrifices.jI want people to know Mek more than I desire whole burnt-offerings.l
- II Chronicles 5:12-13 – All the Levite musicians were standing on the east side of the altar. They were: Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and all their sons and relatives. They were dressed in fine linen, and they played cymbals, lyres, and harps. With them, there were 120 priests who blew trumpets. 13Those who blew the trumpets and those who sang together sounded like one person. They praised Yahweh and thanked Him. They sang as the others played the trumpets, the cymbals, and the other instruments. They praised Yahweh with this song: “Yahweh is good.His constant love continues forever!” Then the cloud filled the templej of Yahweh.
OTHER JESUS QUOTES IN THIS EPISODE
RABBI SOLOMON GANZFRIED:
- Code of Jewish Law, Vol. II, pg. 130-134 – One who is slightly ill and is able to walk about as if he were in good health is forbidden to take any treatment, even if there is no work involved in it. He should neither rub himself with oil, nor let another one do it, be he even a non-Jew….One who has injured his hand or his foot may apply wine to stop the bleeding, but not vinegar, because vinegar…is akin to medicine.