BACKGROUND FOR THIS EPISODE
(In Order of Appearance)
NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- John 4:3-5 –When Jesus learned of this, he left Judea and went back to the land of Galilee. 4Jesus needed to go through the land of Samaria. 5He came to a town in Samaria called Sychar. It was near the property which Jacob had given to Joseph, his son.a
- Sychar was a city in the province of Samaria in which few Jews lived due to their heathenism. Archaeologically, the mount Telul Balata is one-fourth miles from Jacob’s well, and in it have been found artifacts from the time of Herod the Great and through the first century.
- John 4:6-42 – Jacob’s well was there. Jesus was tired because of traveling. So, he sat down for a while at the well. It was about noon. 7A Samaritan woman came to get some water. Jesus said to her, “Please, give me a drink of water.” 8(His followers had gone into town to buy some food.) 9The Samaritan woman said to Jesus, “You are a Jewish man and I am a Samaritan woman. Why are you asking me for a drink of water?” (Jewish people don’t want to associate with Samaritans.)10Jesus answered her, “If you knew about God’s gift and who I really am,b you would ask me to give you a drink of livingc water!” 11The woman said to Jesus, “Mister, you don’t even have a bucket and the well is deep. Where are you going to get this living water? 12You are not greater than Jacob, our ancestor, are you? Jacob’s flocks and herds, his sons, and Jacob himself drank from this well. He gave it to us!” 13Jesus answered her, “Any person who drinks this water will become thirsty again, 14but if anyone drinks the water which I will give him, he will never be thirsty again. The water which I give him will become a spring inside him, welling up to eternal life.” 15The woman said to Jesus, “Mister, give me some of this water, so that I won’t get thirsty and won’t have to come back here again and again to get water.” 16Jesus said to her, “Go, call your husband. Then come back here.” 17The woman answered him, “I don’t have a husband.” Jesus said to her, “So true! 18You have had five husbands, and the man you have now is not your husband. You spoke the truth.” 19The woman said to him, “Sir, I now understand that you are a prophet! 20Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain,d but you Jews say that Jerusalem is the place where people must worship.”21Jesus said to her, “Believe me, woman, the time is coming when you won’t worship the Father on this mountain or in Jerusalem. 22You Samaritans are worshiping that which you don’t understand, but we Jews are worshiping what we know. Salvation comes from the Jewish people. 23But the time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the true, spiritual way. The Father is searching for this kind of people to worship Him. 24God is spirit. The people who worship God must worship Him in the true way and with the right spirit.” 25The woman said to Jesus, “I know that the Messiah (the one called Christ) is coming. When he comes, he will tell us about everything.” 26Jesus said to her, “I am the one!”e27Just then, Jesus’ followers came. They were amazed that Jesus was talking with a woman.f However, not one of them asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?” 28Then the woman left her water bucket and went back into town. This is what she said to people: 29“Come, see a man who told me everything I’ve ever done. He must be the Messiah!” 30So they left town and they were coming to him. 31Meanwhile, Jesus’ followers were encouraging Jesus to eat something. They said, “Rabbi, eat!” 32But Jesus said to them, “I have some food to eat which you don’t know about.” 33The followers said to one another, “No one brought Jesus anything to eat, did they?” 34Jesus said to them, “I must obey what God wants; He sent me. I must finish His work. That is food for me! 35“You say: ‘Four months more and then the time for harvest comes.’ But, listen, I am telling you to look up and see the fields. They are ready for harvest now. 36The person who gathers the harvest receives his pay; he gathers the crops for eternal life. The person who plants and the person who gathers will be happy at the same time. 37This saying is true: ‘One person plants and another person gathers.’ 38I sent you to gather the harvest for which you have not worked. Other men worked hard; you are gaining from their work.” 39Many Samaritan people in that town believed in Jesus, because of the woman’s word. She testified, “He told me everything I ever did!” 40When the Samaritan men came to Jesus, they were begging him to stay with them. Jesus stayed there for two days. 41Many more people believed because of Jesus’ message. 42They said to the woman, “We believe, not only because of what you said, but also because we ourselves have heard Jesus. We know that he is truly the Savior of the world!”
OLD TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE:
- II Kings 17:24, 33 – The king of Assyriahh brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim. And, he settled them in the towns of Samaria to replace the Israelites. These people took over the region of Samaria and lived in those towns.ii … . 33The people respected Yahweh, but they also served their own gods in accordance with the customs of the countries from where they had been deported.
- Genesis 33:19 – Jacob bought a piece of ground for 100 qesitahsn from the sons of Hamor, who was the father of Shechem. And there, Jacob made camp. 20It was there also that Jacob set up an altar and named it “El-Elohe-Israel.”o
- Joshua 24:32 – 32At Shechem, the people also buried the bones of Joseph which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt.h They did this in the part of the field which Jacob had purchased from the sons of Hamori for 100 pieces of silver.j Hamor was the father of Shechem. This is what the descendants of Joseph inherited.k
OTHER JESUS QUOTES IN THIS EPISODE